Courses

ARHA 111 / UNDERSTANDING VISUAL CULTURE

An introduction to the visual expression of a variety of times, places and cultures, from the prehistoric times to the contemporary world. Technical processes involved in the creation of various forms of art and architecture, historical circumstances surrounding the production and consumption of visual culture, investigation of recent methodologies from anthropology, cultural history and the history of art which are currently used to analyze visual culture.
Credits: 3

ARHA 121 / INTRODUCTION TO THE HISTORY OF ART AND VISUAL CULTURE

Broad introduction to the study of visual expression in different world cultures and time periods. Case studies about specific works of art are used to instruct students about the different ways that art historical theory can be applied to the analysis of a work of art/architecture. Research and academic writing skills are a key component.
Credits: 3

ARHA 122 / INTRODUCTION TO ARCHAEOLOGY

Introduction to the discipline of archaeology. Emergence of archaeology as a discipline and its historical evolution, methods of discovery and research, major excavations and discoveries that are critical for understanding ancient civilizations.
Credits: 3

ARHA 201 / ANATOLIAN ARCHAEOLOGY I

Introduction to the ancient civilizations of Anatolia. Important human social developments in the prehistoric periods, such as the establishment of first temples in the world, origins of agriculture, emergence of cities, extensive use of metals and long-distance, international trade.
Credits: 3

ARHA 202 / ANATOLIAN ARCHAEOLOGY II

Study of the later periods of the ancient civilizations of Anatolia. Important human social developments in the past, such as settlement organization and architecture, religion, economy, trade and artistic expression in the Middle, and Late and Late Bronze Age and Iron Age.
Credits: 3

ARHA 203 / ANATOLIAN ARCHAEOLOGY III

Introduction to the material culture of the Hellenistic and Roman periods of Anatolia. Settlements and settlement patterns, architecture, art, religion, trade and cultural interactions. The most important archaeological remains of these periods.
Credits: 3

ARHA 204 / ANATOLIAN ARCHAEOLOGY IV

Study of the material culture of the Byzantine period of Anatolia. Settlements and settlement patterns, architecture, art, religion, trade and cultural interactions. The most important archaeological remains of this period.
Credits: 3

ARHA 209 / LATE ANTIQUE AND BYZANTINE CIVILIZATION (284-1453 AD)

Introduction to the origins, development and enduring legacy of Late Antique and Byzantine civilization. The course traces the transformation of the ancient world and the emergence and role of Byzantium as a major political, economic and cultural power in Europe and Near East. Topics covered include the spread of Christianity, the development of imperial ideology and the institutions of state, warfare and diplomacy, social and economic life, literary, artistic and architectural achievements, and cultural interaction with Western Europe and the Islamic states of the Near East.
Credits: 3

ARHA 212 / BUILDINGS AND CITIES

Introduction to the history of architecture and urbanism. Development of the city in Anatolia, the Mediterranean basin and the Near East.
Credits: 3

ARHA 221 / THE ART OF MEDITERRANEAN AND EUROPEAN CIVILAISATIONS: ANCIENT TO PRE-MODERN

Art, architecture and the visual culture of the Ancient Near East, the Classical civilizations of Greece and Rome, the Byzantine Empire, the Romanesque, Gothic and Renaissance periods in Europe. The political symbolism of art and architecture, the nature of patronage, how art and architecture inform our understanding of the past.
Credits: 3

ARHA 224 / ANATOLIAN CIVILIZATIONS FROM 9000 TO 500 BC

Introduction to the ancient civilizations of Anatolia. Important human social developments in the past, such as the establishment of first temples in the world, origins of agriculture, emergence of cities, extensive use of metals and long-distance, international trade. Settlement organization and architecture, religion, economy, trade and artistic expression in ancient Anatolia. The period from 8000 BC to 600 BC including the prehistoric and protohistoric times and the Assyrian colonies of Anatolia, Hittites, Urartians, Phrygians, Lydians and the Persian conquest of Anatolia in 550 BC.
Credits: 3

ARHA 225 / THE OTTOMAN STATE : 1299 - 1566

From frontier principality to world empire: the construction of the Ottoman State, 1299 ? 1566. Examines the history of the Ottoman State from its origins as a tiny frontier principality to its transformation into a world empire, and the social, political and cultural changes that accompanied this process. Students are also introduced to the principal historiographic debates on this period.
Credits: 3

ARHA 226 / THE OTTOMAN WORLD IN TRANSITION : 1566 - 1839

Examines the complex changes the Ottoman State and society underwent from the end of the reign of Suleyman to the beginning of the Tanzimat. Crisis of the central state, the rise of the ayan in the provinces, changes in urban society and culture, and changing relations with and perceptions of Europe.
Credits: 3

ARHA 227 / EUROPE FROM LATE ANTIQUITY TO 1700

Emergence of a distinctive western European civilization out of Christian, Greco-Roman and Germanic institutions, the formation and transformation of medieval European society, the Renaissance and the Reformation, and state building and social change in the early modern era.
Credits: 3

ARHA 228 / CULTURE AND SOCIETY IN THE EARLY MODERN EUROPE

This course introduces the major themes of the early modern European cultural history from the late middle ages to the French Revolution. In addition to providing a general survey, it aims to familiarize the students with the historiography, that is, the writing of history, of this period. Topics will include the crisis of the late Middle Ages; the Renaissance of the Italian humanists; popular culture and social control; science, magic, and wonders; women and their world; witches and witch hunts; discovery of the Americas; and the Reformation and Counter Reformation.
Credits: 3

ARHA 229 / CULTURE AND SOCIETY IN THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE, 1300-1700

This course introduces some of the major issues in the history of the Ottoman Empire with a focus on the cultural life. Topics will include: life at the frontiers; relations between Ottomans and their neighbors; imperial ideology; the social fabric, gender, and ethnic structure; social unrest and religious movements; the new world order and the Ottoman response. Students will be encouraged to compare and contrast academic approaches to Ottoman History with its representation in historical novels and film.
Credits: 3

ARHA 233 / BASIC DRAWING

Studio practice in classical and contemporary drawing. Learning to look and sketch. Convey the illusion of light, depth and texture on paper. Building skills for composition, expression and abstraction. Experimenting with various materials.
Credits: 3

ARHA 304 / MUSEUM STUDIES I

Introduction to museum studies in theory and practice. Beginnings of museums and their historical evolution, the changing roles and purposes of the museum, collection management, exhibition design, interpretation and communication, conservation issues, public outreach and community involvement.
Credits: 3

ARHA 305 / MUSEUM STUDIES II

The changing roles and purposes of the museum, collection management, exhibition design, interpretation and communication, conservation issues, public outreach and community involvement. National and international legislation concerning museums, codes of ethics and international conventions.
Credits: 3

ARHA 315 / ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF THE ANCIENT MIDDLE EAST

Examination of the first cities and states in the world and the earliest written records of human history. Study of the civilizations of the Sumerians, Akkadians, Babylonians and Assyrians through archaeological remains and historical sources.
Credits: 3

ARHA 316 / ART AND ARCHAEOLOGY OF ANCIENT EGYPT

An archaeological survey of ancient Egyptian civilization. Prehistoric Egypt, Old and Middle Kingdom periods, the Hyksos invasions, the New Kingdom era and the Amarna diplomacy, decline of Egypt, Hellenistic period and Alexander the Great, Roman control and the rise of Coptic Christianity.
Credits: 3

ARHA 317 / ARCHAEOLOGY AND HISTORY OF HITTITES

The origins of the Hittites, their relationship with the Assyrian merchant colonies, local kingdoms and cities in Central Anatolia. The Hittite expansion and their international relations, particularly with Egypt, reasons of decline at the end of the second millennium BC, Neo-Hittite kingdoms and the legacy of the Hittite culture.
Credits: 3

ARHA 318 / LATE ANTIQUE AND BYZANTINE ART

A comprehensive chronological survey of the various monuments of Early Christian and Byzantine art, spanning from the earliest surviving traces of Christian art and architecture in the city of Rome and the eastern provinces of the Late Roman Empire to the art and architecture of the Late Byzantine Empire in Constantinople and the Balkans.
Credits: 3

ARHA 319 / ANCIENT GREEKS AND ROMANS

Introduction to the history and culture of the Ancient Greeks and Romans. Topics include archaeology, art, architecture, politics, religion, and literature. Students will study ancient Greek and Roman texts such as theater plays, myths, epics, laws, and historical accounts.
Credits: 3

ARHA 320 / ROME, ROMAN CITIES AND COUNTRYSIDE

Urban development of Rome from a monarchic residence to an imperial capital. Imperial presence and propaganda in the cities and countryside of the Roman empire. Examples ranging from Asia Minor to the Iberian peninsula will be connected with the larger discourse on the organization and logistics of the empire. Transformations of regional societies within the empire with focus on the legitimization of local powers through works of art, public infrastructure and urban decoration.
Credits: 3

ARHA 322 / ART AND ARCHITECTURE: POST MEDIEVAL TO POST MODERN

Art, architecture and the visual culture of the Renaissance, Mannerist, and Baroque movements in Europe, Neo-classicism and Romanticism, Realism, Impressionism, the Modern and Post-Modern art and architectural movements. The political symbolism of art, the nature of patronage, how art and architecture inform our understanding of the past.
Credits: 3

ARHA 323 / CONTEMPORARY ART I

An introduction to the appreciation of and critical debates around the contemporary arts. Engagement with work from artists working in a broad range of media within various settings - galleries, museums, public spaces, and other non-traditional exhibition venues.
Credits: 3

ARHA 325 / HISTORY OF ASIAN ART

Visual culture and built environment of Asia (China, Korea, Japan, India, Southeast Asia and Asian diaspora). Painting, sculpture, architecture, ritual objects, ceramics, textiles and other visual forms within the wider context of political, religious, social and economic developments of the region.
Credits: 3

ARHA 327 / ISLAMIC CITIES

Development of architecture and urbanism in the Islamic world from the 7th through the 20th century. Different types of cities ranging from Spain through Central Asia. Urbanistic and formal developments as tied to social and economic changes. Major cities include Cordoba, Cairo, Istanbul, Damascus, Baghdad, Isfahan, Samarkand, and Delhi. Development of architecture and urbanism in the Islamic world from the 7th through the 20th century. Different types of cities ranging from Spain through Central Asia. Urbanistic and formal developments as tied to social and economic changes. Major cities include Cordoba, Cairo, Istanbul, Damascus, Baghdad, Isfahan, Samarkand, and Delhi.
Credits: 3

ARHA 331 / ARCHAEOLOGY OF RELIGION

Examination of religion as an archaeological phenomenon throughout the ages. How did religion shape material culture and social organization through its institutions and structures? How can we analyze religion to understand and (re) construct ancient societies? Archaeological and historical data from the ancient Near Eastern, Greek and Roman civilizations and religions.
Credits: 3

ARHA 332 / ARCHAEOLOGY OF TRADE

The relationship between trade and the diffusion of civilizational constructs is closely examined, and also questions of cultural influence and the relationship between trade and mobility, trade and war, trade and diplomacy.
Credits: 3

ARHA 334 / GENDER AND VISUAL CULTURE

This course examines how gender has been a major factor in shaping our approaches and interpretations of visual culture in the past and present societies. It examines a variety of subjects in visual culture that intersect with gender.
Credits: 3

ARHA 350 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART

Detailed examination of current topics in archaeology and the history of art.
Credits: 3

ARHA 351 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART

Detailed examination of current topics in archaeology and the history of art.
Credits: 3

ARHA 352 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARHA

SELECTED TOPICS IN ARHA
Credits: 3

ARHA 355 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART

Detailed examination of current topics in archaeology and the history of art.
Credits: 3

ARHA 371 / FIELDWORK

Fieldwork/internship of a minimum four-week duration during the summer term under the supervision of an advisor. Fieldwork can include archaeological excavations, assisting in restoration and conservation projects, archival or museum study, working in cultural institutions and heritage projects in Turkey or abroad.
Credits: 3

ARHA 372 / URBAN HISTORY OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE, 1800-1918

The questioning of urbanism and modernity in the nineteenth and early twentieth century Ottoman Empire. Four Eastern Mediterranean Port Cities, namely Istanbul, Izmir, Salonica and Beirut. A growing world economy transforming the urban spaces of these cities. Cities located in the interior regions. Local social, political and economic dynamics of the Ottoman Empire. The process of how different segments of Ottoman society adapted to, challenged and reworked `modernity? through urban spatial organization.
Credits: 3

ARHA 390 / INDEPENDENT STUDY

Investigation of one or more topics of interest with the guidance of an instructor. Presentation of a research paper or project at the end of the term
Credits: 3

ARHA 401 / AEGEAN BRONZE AGE

Art and archaeology of the Aegean during the Bronze Age. This course analyzes the art, history, architecture and material culture of Western Anatolia, Mainland Greece, the Aegean Islands, Crete and Cyprus during the Bronze Age (ca. 3000-1090 BC). Early-Late Helladic Material culture, art and architecture; Cycladic art and its origin, Minoan palaces and art; Mycenaean citadels; Bronze Age of Western Anatolia.
Credits: 3
Prerequisites: ARHA. 201 or ARHA. 221 or consent of instructor

ARHA 404 / CULTURE HERITAGE MANAGEMENT I

Conservation, interpretation, communication and management of all archaeological and historical resources that are regarded as cultural heritage. Theoretical and methodological approaches, social and political factors, which shape our understanding and management of the cultural heritage. Examination of local and global, international and national institutions which deal with cultural heritage, the relevant legislation and conventions that impact the management of these resources.
Credits: 3

ARHA 405 / CULTURE HERITAGE MANAGEMENT II

Continuation of ARHA 404. Examination of case studies and specialized topics.
Credits: 3

ARHA 407 / CONSTANTINOPLE 330-1453

The history and the archaeology of the Byzantine imperial capital from its foundation to the Ottoman conquest. The functions of the built environment in relation to both historical time and urban space: the imperial palaces, the public churches, civic ritual and entertainment, economic and social services, the provision of welfare and defense, and the role of monasteries in the life of the community.
Credits: 3

ARHA 408 / MANAGEMENT OF NGO'S AND CULTURAL SERVICES

Introduction to management techniques and theories for NGO's and cultural institutions. Project management, budgeting and accounting practices, advertising, sponsorship, legal and tax issues related to managing cultural institutions in Turkey.
Credits: 3

ARHA 410 / ARCHAEOLOGICAL METHOD AND THEORY

Examines the different theoretical approaches to archaeology and the methods and theories employed in fieldwork and data analysis. Contemporary issues in archaeology and how the purpose and subject of archaeology has changed over time. Archaeology's relationship with other social and natural sciences.
Credits: 3
Prerequisites: ARHA. 122 or CPAP 100

ARHA 411 / ARCHAEOLOGICAL METHODS AND THEORY II

Archaeological method and theory with emphasis on the principles and practice of Anatolian archaeology. Topics include: survey and excavation methods and associated recording techniques, the instrumental analysis and interpretation of various kinds of excavated materials, and the presentation and publication of archaeological results.
Credits: 3
Prerequisites: (ARHA. 122 or ARHA. 201 or ARHA. 202 or ARHA. 317) or consent of the instructor

ARHA 414 / HERITAGE&DIPLOMACY

Examines the history and importance of diplomacy in cultural and natural heritage studies. Trains students in the applications of policy and law in the management of heritage, particularly international and transnational agreements with examples from the Balkans, Mediterranean, Middle East and Asia.
Credits: 3

ARHA 421 / PAINTING IN THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE

Introduction to painting in the Ottoman Empire through the centuries, the art of miniature painting, manuscript illustration and album making in the Ottoman palace, the formation of a distinctive style developed through the interactions of the visual traditions of the East and West. The adoption of new techniques and styles such as murals and canvas painting as a result of encounters with Western art.
Credits: 3

ARHA 422 / THE ART AND ARCHITECTURE OF THE ISLAMIC WORLD

Survey of the art and architecture of the Umayyad, Abbasids, Fatamids, Mongols, Seljuks, Timurids, Safavids, Mughals, and Ottomans. The period from the foundation of the Ottoman Empire to the founding of the Turkish Republic is given special emphasis.
Credits: 3

ARHA 425 / INTRODUCTION TO HITTITE

Aims to teach to beginners the Hittite cuneiform writing system and the essentials of the grammar of the Hittite language. Topics include the emergence and development of the cuneiform writing system, the decipherment of the Hittite cuneiform writing, Hittite Language and its decipherment, the sign repertory of the Hittite cuneiform, exercises in cuneiform; writing and reading, phonetic peculiarities of the Hittite language, nominal structure of Hittite; inflection, substantives and adjectives, categories of pronouns, verbal structure of Hittite; conjugation, voices and tenses.
Credits: 3

ARHA 426 / INTRODUCTION TO LUWIAN

Aims to teach to the beginners the Anatolian hieroglyphs and the basics of the Luwian grammar. Topics include the origins and development of the Anatolian hieroglyphs, the sign repertory of the Anatolian hieroglyphs, nominal and verbal structure of Luwian, some simple texts and excerpts from inscriptions.
Credits: 3

ARHA 432 / ILLUSTRATION

Contemporary issues in relation to drawing and illustration: creation of an image, sequential visual narrative, content. Utilizing drawing, printmaking, metaphor and visual thinking. Production via digital and traditional media.
Credits: 3

ARHA 437 / EUROPE AND THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE: CULTURAL ENCOUNTERS THROUGH THE CENTURIES

Interactions between Europe and the Ottoman World through the centuries. Ottoman political presence in Europe and its impact on European culture starting with the 15th century. The "image of the Turk" in Europe shifting in the following centuries with different political alliances and different economic interests. The changes in Ottoman interest in the west starting in the 17th century, introduction of westernisms in technology, social life and the arts in view of political and economic relations.
Credits: 3

ARHA 440 / HISTORIOGRAPHY AND THEORY OF ART HISTORY

The theoretical issues that have shaped scholarly approaches to the history of art; the history of the development of Art History as a discipline. The different methodologies currently used in the study of the history of art and visual culture.
Credits: 3
Prerequisites: ARHA. 121 or consent of the instructor

ARHA 450 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART

Detailed examination of current topics in archaeology and the history of art.
Credits: 3

ARHA 451 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART

Detailed examination of current topics in archaeology and the history of art.
Credits: 3

ARHA 452 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAELOGY

Detailed examination of current topics in archaeology and the history of art.
Credits: 3

ARHA 453 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART

Detailed examination of current topics in archaeology and the history of art.
Credits: 3

ARHA 454 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART

Detailed examination of current topics in archaeology and the history of art.
Credits: 3

ARHA 455 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART

Detailed examination of current topics in archaeology and the history of art.
Credits: 3

ARHA 456 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART

Detailed examination of current topics in archaeology and the history of art.
Credits: 3

ARHA 457 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART

Detailed examination of current topics in archaeology and the history of art.
Credits: 3

ARHA 458 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART

Detailed examination of current topics in archaeology and the history of art.
Credits: 3

ARHA 459 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART

Detailed examination of current topics in archaeology and the history of art.
Credits: 3

ARHA 461 / EUROPEAN ART AND ARCHITECTURE I

A survey of European art, architecture and visual culture from the early modern era to World War One. Various aspects of the visual culture of Europe will be examined within its cultural, social, and political contexts.
Credits: 3

ARHA 462 / EUROPEAN ART AND ARCHITECTURE II

A survey of European art, architecture and visual culture from World War One to the present. Various aspects of the visual culture of Europe will be examined within its cultural, social, and political contexts.
Credits: 3

ARHA 465 / DATA MANAGEMENT IN ARCHITECTURAL HISTORY, ART AND ARCHAEOLOGY

Understanding the need for and different techniques to organize and manage cultural heritage data. Theoretical and practical instruction in data management systems such as Geographical Information Systems, inventory tracking and organization programs for cultural institutions such as museums.
Credits: 3

ARHA 470 / CULTURAL HISTORY

Examines theoretical and working paradigms from anthropology, art history and critical theory to explore different approaches to selected issues in cultural history.
Credits: 3

ARHA 471 / MODERN HISTORIOGRAPHY OF THE LATE ANTIQUE AND BYZANTINE WORLDS

The course examines perceptions and representations of the Late Antique and Byzantine worlds in modern times. Approaches and transformations in the study of the discipline will be analyzed. Modern methods in history writing form an integral part of the course.
Credits: 3

ARHA 472 / LATE ANTIQUE AND BYZANTINE HISTORY WRITING

This course analyzes the broad range of historical documents contributing to the making of Late Antique and Byzantine histories.
Credits: 3

ARHA 473 / CURATING CONTEMPORARY ART

museums to include an array of agencies in the creative, cultural, educational and industrial sectors and a diverse range of artistic and media forms.
Credits: 3

ARHA 474 / OTTOMAN IMAGINATION: A CULTURAL HISTORY

Introducing the social uses of the production and the consumption of ?imaginary realms? in the early modern Ottoman Empire. Included topics: readers, writers and production of knowledge; poetry, history and political uses of rememberence; dreams, fortune-telling and establishment of social networks. Examination of recent approaches to the early modern cultural history and Ottoman studies, Ottoman sources in translation, and Ottoman architecture through class trips to historical sites.
Credits: 3

ARHA 475 / ART AND ARCHAEOLOGY OF SELJUK PERIOD

Introduction to the material culture of the Seljuk Period in Anatolia. Detailed examination of the architectural remains of the Seljuks, such as palaces, caravanserais, tombs, mosques, madrasas, khans and hospitals, the urbanization, art and architecture of the Seljuks.
Credits: 3

ARHA 490 / INDEPENDENT STUDY

Investigation of one or more topics of interest with the guidance of an instructor. Presentation of a research paper or project at the end of the term
Credits: 3

ARHA 491 / HONORS THESIS PROJECT

Available to students with a GPA equal to or gleater than 3.00 and with consent of the instructor.
Credits: 3

ARHA 495 / INDEPENDENT STUDY


Credits: 1.5

ARHA 496 / PUBLIC ARCHAEOLOGY

Bridging the scholarly knowledge of archaeology with the public; exploring diverse methods of interpretation, conservation and diverse ways to communicate archaeological information and data. Examples of public archaeology from Turkey and abroad. Social, political and ethical issues that are surrounding archaeological investigation, interpretation and the production of knowledge.
Credits: 3

ARHA 500 / ANATOLIAN CIVILIZATIONS I (NEOLITHIC-LATE BRONZE AGE)

This survey course will focus on the archaeological sequences of Turkey (ancient Anatolia) from the Neolithic period through the Late Bronze Age and the end of the Hittite Empire. An illustrated lecture series will cover the major stages in the rise of agricultural production and a critical evaluation of models of state origins will provide the basis for our understanding of the transformation into complex state societies in Anatolia. It will cover the major theoretical issues in trade and exchange systems that form the backdrop for the prosperous Assyrian trading systems. Textual material will be integrated with the archaeological record to illuminate some of the complex relationships between the Hittite Empire in northern Anatolia and the Levant. Highlighted are the major sites such as the following: Göbeklitepe, Çatalhöyük, Alaca Höyük, Troy, Göltepe/Kestel, the GAP salvage projects, Kültepe, Acemhöyük, Alalakh, and Bogazköy
Credits: 3

ARHA 501 / ANATOLIAN CIVILIZATIONS II: IRON AGE-ROMAN

Material evidence and historical sources for Turkey from the Iron Age to the Roman period. Cultures and time periods of the Neo-Hittites, Phrygians, Urartu, Lydians, Greek settlements, Persian rule in Turkey, Hellenistic kingdoms such as Pergamon, Roman cities and settlements. For all time periods, the developments in Turkey, within the wider context of the Mediterranean and Near Eastern regions.
Credits: 3

ARHA 502 / ANATOLIAN CIVILIZATIONS III: LATE ROMAN - BYZANTINE

Investigation of archaeological, art historical and historical testimonies ranging from the Late Roman through the Byzantine periods in the territories of present · day Turkey. Examination of the ways in which lands of the Roman Empire, both cities and countryside, underwent transformations, adaptations and radical changes. Discussion on the impact early Islamic cultures bore on Eastern Anatolia and beyond. (3 credits)
Credits: 3

ARHA 503 / ANATOLIAN CIVILIZATIONS IV (OTTOMAN-RECENT)

This course provides an introduction to the issues and approaches used to study the history of Ottoman art and architecture from the early Ottoman era to the establishment of the Turkish Republic and the world of contemporary art in Turkey
Credits: 3

ARHA 504 / MUSEUM STUDIES AND CULTURAL HERITAGE MANAGEMENT I

An introduction to the practical and theoretical aspects of working in and with a variety of museum institutions and cultural heritage institutions in Turkey and abroad. The course is organized in modules and taught by local faculty and visiting experts from museums and cultural heritage institutions around the world.
Credits: 3

ARHA 505 / MUSEUM STUDIES AND CULTURAL HERITAGE MANAGEMENT II

An introduction to the practical and theoretical aspects of working in and with a variety of museum institutions and cultural heritage institutions in Turkey and abroad. The course is organized in modules and taught by local faculty and visiting experts from museums and cultural heritage institutions around the world.
Credits: 3

ARHA 506 / ARCHAEOLOGICAL METHODS AND THEORY

This course covers theoretical approaches and methods used in the design and implementation of archaeological field research and data analysis. It focuses on the principles that archaeologists use to explain human cultural development from the material record of the past. Questions considered will include: What is archaeology and what are its aims? Is there a coherent body of archaeological theory to which most archaeologists subscribe? What appears to be the most productive theoretical approaches for understanding and interpreting the past?
Credits: 3

ARHA 507 / ARCHAEOLOGICAL METHODS AND THEORY II

Archaeological method and theory with emphasis on the principles and practice of Anatolian archaeology. Topics include: survey and excavation methods and associated recording techniques, the instrumental analysis and interpretation of various kinds of excavated materials, and the presentation and publication of archaeological results.
Credits: 3

ARHA 508 / ADVANCED HISTORIOGRAPHY AND THEORY OF ART HISTORY

This course examines the concepts and methodology of art historical study and their application to the visual arts of different periods and regions, including the historical and philosophical foundations of contemporary criticism and theory.
Credits: 3

ARHA 509 / MODERN HISTORIOGRAPHY OF THE LATE ANTIQUE AND BYZANTINE WORLDS

The course examines perceptions and representations of the Late Antique and Byzantine worlds in modern times. Approaches and transformations in the study of the discipline will be analyzed. Modern methods in history writing form an integral part of the course.
Credits: 3

ARHA 510 / RESEARCH SEMINAR

Students present their research and MA thesis proposals. Learn about research methods, publication ethics and improve their writing planning. Graduate students participate in the seminars given by Archaeology and History of Art program faculty and visiting fellows at the Center for Anatolian Civilizations
Credits: 0

ARHA 512 / ARCHAEOLOGY OF STATE SOCIETIES

This course will critically examine the changing perspectives on the origins of state societies. The issues addressed will include the formation and organization of states and the political, economic and social structures that underlie the functioning and maintenance of large political systems. The multiplicity of states and urban landscapes and the spatial layout of neighborhoods will be explored with special reference to the concepts of ethnicity, identity, gender, class and kinship ties.
Credits: 3

ARHA 513 / ANCIENT EMPIRES

This course will take a comparative approach to the study of empires. It will consider topics such as empire formation, expansion and collapse, the organization of empires, and cultural interactions.
Credits: 3

ARHA 515 / AEGEAN BRONZE AGE

Art and archaeology of the Aegean during the Bronze Age. This course analyzes the art, history, architecture and material culture of Western Anatolia, Mainland Greece, the Aegean Islands, Crete and Cyprus during the Bronze Age (ca. 3000-1090 BC). Early-Late Helladic Material culture, art and architecture; Cycladic art and its origin, Minoan palaces and art; Mycenaean citadels; Bronze Age of Western Anatolia.
Credits: 3

ARHA 517 / THE ROMAN MEDITERRANEAN

Focus on the role Romans played within the broader Mediterranean landscape between its origin in the 8th century BC and Late Antiquity. Study of written sources and material remains showing how a process of interchange and exchange of ideas developed parallel with the gradual expansion of Roman power. Attention to the way Rome affected the life, architecture and art in areas that came under its dominion, but also to the impact foreign elements had on Roman society and material culture in its broad sense.
Credits: 3

ARHA 518 / ECONOMIC ARCHAEOLOGY (PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY AND TRADE)

This course will focus on ancient economic systems. The course will begin by exploring different perceptual and analytical orientations and debates that underlie economic anthropology. Concepts such as gift-giving, reciprocity, trade, commodities, market and non-market economies, household economies, labor, exchange and trade, and money will be explored with archaeological or ethnographic case studies. Students will learn to critically evaluate Western interpretations in economic procedures and will become acquainted with cross-cultural practices from today and the past.
Credits: 3

ARHA 520 / LATE ANTIQUE AND BYZANTINE HISTORY WRITING

This course analyzes the broad range of historical documents contributing to the making of Late Antique and Byzantine histories.
Credits: 3

ARHA 522 / PAINTING IN OTTOMAN EMPIRE

Introduction to painting in the Ottoman Empire through the centuries, the art of miniature painting, manuscript illustration and album making in the Ottoman palace, the formation of a distinctive style developed through the interactions of the visual traditions of the East and West. The adoption of new techniques and styles such as murals and canvas painting as a result of encounters with Western art.
Credits: 3

ARHA 523 / THE ART AND ARCHITECTURE OF THE ISLAMIC WORLD

Survey of the art and architecture of the Umayyad, Abbasids, Fatamids, Mongols, Seljuks, Timurids, Safavids, Mughals, and Ottomans. The period from the foundation of the Ottoman Empire to the founding of the Turkish Republic is given special emphasis.
Credits: 3

ARHA 525 / THE CRUSADES IN THE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN (1095-1291)

This course will examine the roots of the crusading movement in Western Christian society; the ways in which the crusades brought three world cultures (Western Europe, Byzantium and the Islamic Near East) into contact and confrontation; the type of cultural interaction that took place and the impact of the crusades in the societies of the Eastern Mediterranean.
Credits: 3

ARHA 526 / MATERIAL AND TEXTUAL EVIDENCE ON LATE ANTIQUE AND BYZANTINE URBAN STUDIES

Exploring the evidence about the shaping and transformation of urban settlements in the Late Antique and Byzantine Worlds. Analysis of urban archaeology and material culture along with textual evidence will. Study of suburban spaces and of settlement archaeology. Examination of a broad range of cities and towns.
Credits: 3

ARHA 527 / CONSTANTINOPLE (330-1453)

The history and the archaeology of the Byzantine imperial capital from its foundation to the Ottoman conquest. The functions of the built environment in relation to both historical time and urban space: the imperial palaces, the public churches, civic ritual and entertainment, economic and social services, the provision of welfare and defense, and the role of monasteries in the life of the community.
Credits: 3

ARHA 530 / SELECTED TOPICS IN EUROPEAN ART


Credits: 3

ARHA 531 / LATE OTTOMAN AND EARLY REPUBLICAN ART

Ottoman modernism and the historical and cultural transformation in the 18th and 19th centuries will be discussed in view of the artistic developments. How Western modality penetrated into the cultural sphere and how borrowings led to the birth of new techniques, forms and styles in the art and architecture of the 18th and 19th centuries leading to the early Republican Period will be the main theme in the course including a critical discourse of the concepts of 'modernism' and 'westernization' and 'national identity'
Credits: 3

ARHA 533 / ISLAMIC EMPIRES: COMPARATIVE STUDY

This seminar examines different empires in the Islamic world of one specific era from a comparative perspective, focusing on the cultural and artistic exchanges and interactions between them. Special case studies may include the age of empires (Ottomans, Safavids, Mughals), fortifications and frontiers in the medieval Islamic world, Gender and art in the Islamic World and the like.
Credits: 3

ARHA 535 / WESTERNIZATION OR MODERNIZATION? THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE IN THE 18TH AND 19TH CENTURIES

The modernising movements in Europe in the 18th and 19th centuries and their impact on Ottoman culture and arts. The change in the Ottoman attitude towards the West starting in the 17th century resulting in the introduction of westernisms in technology, social life and the arts in view of political and economic relations with Europe. The newly introduced concepts in the cultural sphere of art works; discourse on the concepts of `modernism', `westernization', `occidentalism' and `orientalism' and the transformation in Ottoman culture and arts in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Credits: 3

ARHA 537 / EUROPE AND THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE: CULTURAL ENCOUNTERS THROUGH THE CENTURIES

Interactions between Europe and the Ottoman World through the centuries. Ottoman political presence in Europe and its impact on European culture starting with the 15th century. The "image of the Turk" in Europe shifting in the following centuries with different political alliances and different economic interests. The changes in Ottoman interest in the west starting in the 17th century, introduction of westernisms in technology, social life and the arts in view of political and economic relations.
Credits: 3

ARHA 540 / FIELD STUDIES

Under the supervision of an ACHM professor students are provided with practical experience in an excavation and/or a museum internship . This course also includes extensive academic travel with ACHM faculty to archaeological sites in Istanbul and throughout Turkey.
Credits: 3

ARHA 545 / INSTRUMENTAL ANALYSES I

A range of sophisticated equipment is increasingly used to examine materials excavated from archaeological sites. Using a thematic approach, this course will examine a series of the instruments used in these studies, focusing on fundamental principles in their operation, interpretation of the data, and archaeological case studies. Themes will include analysis of ancient diet, migration, manufacturing techniques, provenance, and genetics. Instruments used provide information about bulk characteristics, elemental composition, or isotopic ratios of ancient skeletal remains, artifacts, and other residues of human activity. A laboratory component will provide students with an opportunity to develop archaeological conclusions from instrumental data. The course will deepen students? appreciation for the array of information that can be derived from remains of past societies, and for the challenges in interpreting these data.
Credits: 3

ARHA 546 / INSTRUMENTAL ANALYSES II

Fundamental principles of a wide range of instrumental techniques in spectroscopy, chromatography, electrochemistry, thermal analysis and surface analysis. Lab component. Scanning Electron (SEM) microscopy.
Credits: 3

ARHA 549 / ARCHAEOZOOLOGY

This course offers advanced level training in archaeozoological method and theory. The objective of this course is to help students develop skills in theory- and model-building by merging the archaeozoological method and approach with what they know of other sub-disciplines of archaeology. In seminar sessions students engage themselves in discussions about the recent uses and approaches of state-of-the-art interdisciplinary methodology (including isotopic and aDNA analyses and archaeomalacology) to investigate selected research topics in archaeology (e.g. maritime dispersal of early humans, Neolithization, ?secondary products revolution?, cultural contact vs. colonization, end of the Bronze Age, Dark Ages, production and distribution in historical societies etc.). In laboratory sessions students learn how to create reproducible primary archaeozoological data with the aid of modern skeletal collections, to manipulate such data by means of statistical analysis and interpret them.
Credits: 3

ARHA 550 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART


Credits: 3

ARHA 551 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART


Credits: 3

ARHA 552 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART


Credits: 3

ARHA 553 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART


Credits: 3

ARHA 554 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART


Credits: 3

ARHA 555 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART


Credits: 3

ARHA 556 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART


Credits: 3

ARHA 557 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART


Credits: 3

ARHA 558 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART


Credits: 3

ARHA 559 / SELECTED TOPICS IN ARCHAEOLOGY AND THE HISTORY OF ART


Credits: 3

ARHA 561 / EUROPEAN ART AND ARCHITECTURE I

A survey of European art, architecture and visual culture from the early modern era to World War One. Various aspects of the visual culture of Europe will be examined within its cultural, social, and political contexts.
Credits: 3

ARHA 563 / MANAGING CULTURAL ORGANIZATIONS AND NGOS

This course provides an intensive study of the application of management theory and practice in cultural organizations and their governance and leadership in Turkey. Topics covered include: how to establish missions and objectives; policy development and implementation; project management; financial management; legal framework; and so on.
Credits: 3

ARHA 564 / PUBLIC ARCHAEOLOGY

Bridging the scholarly knowledge of archaeology with the public; exploring diverse methods of interpretation, conservation and diverse ways to communicate archaeological information and data. Examples of public archaeology from Turkey and abroad. Social, political and ethical issues that are surrounding archaeological investigation, interpretation and the production of knowledge.
Credits: 3

ARHA 566 / HISTORICAL SOURCES

This course familiarizes students with a variety of sources used in the historical study of different regions and periods: Calligraphy and epigraphy, numismatics, literary works, archival documents, and visual sources from paintings and photographs to monograms and coats of arms.
Credits: 3

ARHA 571 / EXHIBITION DESIGN AND INTERPRETIVE PRACTICE

Current exhibition design and interpretation practices. Students work both independently and collaboratively in creating exhibition designs and interpretive plans for galleries and museums. Questions of material and form; text and narrative; display and presentation; models of attention and perception, the relationship between language and vision; the role of description in interpretation; and what constitutes learning and meaning through visual and spatial experience. Students develop a design and interpretive practice through a series of workshops, exercises, site visits and critical discussions.
Credits: 3
Prerequisites: ARHA. 504 or consent of the instructor

ARHA 572 / DESIGNING HERITAGE

This course takes as its starting assumption that the past is something we create today ? its structure and mediation impacting how we live in our shared world. This course will explore the intellectual history of archaeological thought and the development of heritage theory. While simultaneously exploring practical design skills, it will address inter-disciplinary practices between art, archaeology and heritage and contextualize these practices with readings from the disciplines of architecture, art history, critical theory, heritage studies.
Credits: 3

ARHA 573 / CURATING CONTEMPORARY ART

Explores the role and responsibilities of the curator in contemporary art. Recently this has expanded beyond galleries and museums to include an array of agencies in the creative, cultural, educational and industrial sectors and a diverse range of artistic and media forms. The course will review the methods and theories of curatorial practice and provide a critical framework for understanding and appreciating contemporary curatorial practice, its current issues and debates. Readings from architecture, art history, cultural criticism, heritage studies and critical theory will be discussed. Local, national and international case studies will be considered.
Credits: 3

ARHA 590 / SELECTED TOPICS IN LANGUAGES

Advanced language training related to the study of Anatolian Civilizations. Topics chosen by the faculty.
Credits: 3

ARHA 595 / THESIS

Students decide with their advisor about the topic of their thesis. In addition to researching and writing a thesis, graduate students in the program may continue to work as museum interns, or in archaeological excavations.
Credits: 0

ARHA 610 / ADVANCED DOCTORAL THESIS SEMINAR

Prepares Ph.D. students for researching and writing their doctoral dissertation and for their future careers. Topics include: managing a large research project, research methods, academic publishing, research and publication ethics, interviewing, presentation and teaching skills, preparing images for publications, and preparing materials for job and grant applications.
Credits: 0

ARHA 695 / PHD THESIS

Research is guided by a faculty member of the ARHA program.
Credits: 0